Rubrics allow you to provide efficient, timely, and meaningful grades and feedback to students/learners. They can be tied to assignments, quizzes, and discussions, and give you the opportunity to provide a framework to students/learners on activity expectations.
About Rubric status options
Draft: The initial status of a rubric. Draft rubrics are not yet available for new associations.
Published: Associations can be made with published rubrics. Once a rubric has an association, you cannot change the rubric's name, description, levels, and criteria.
Archived: Archived rubrics do not appear in default search results and are not available for new associations. Existing associations with archived rubrics remain associated with activities that were previously created but they cannot be evaluated or updated. Students continue to see student-visible rubric evaluations on archived rubrics and their scores in activity summary, user progress, and Grades. students do not see the Archived state tag, however, they can see evaluations and feedback provided using an archived status rubric.
Note: Users with permission to change a rubric's status can do so at any time. If you change the status of a rubric to Archived, there are no effects on the alignment of rubrics to any assessment activities or previous evaluations that were completed using the rubric. Rubrics that are changed to an Archived status after the initial alignment to the activity continue to display and can be used for evaluation. The Archived tag that appears on rubric tiles in the activity creation and activity evaluation workflows provide information to teachers and course developers that a rubric previously aligned to an activity is now archived, and that it is not possible to add archived rubrics to assessment activities and new rubric alignments.
About Rubric types
Analytic: Two-dimensional rubrics with levels of achievement as columns and assessment criteria as rows. Allows you to assess participants' achievements based on multiple criteria using a single rubric. You can assign different weights (value) to different criteria and include an overall achievement by totaling the criteria. With analytic rubrics, levels of achievement display in columns and your assessment criteria display in rows. Analytic rubrics may use a points, custom points, or text only scoring method. Points and custom points analytic rubrics may use both text and points to assess performance; with custom points, each criterion may be worth a different number of points. For both points and custom points, an Overall Score is provided based on the total number of points achieved. The Overall Score determines if students meet the criteria determined by teachers. You can manually override the Total and the Overall Score of the rubric.
Holistic: Single criterion rubrics (one-dimensional) used to assess participants' overall achievement on an activity or item based on predefined achievement levels. Holistic rubrics may use a percentage or text only scoring method.
Scoring: used to assess rubrics with textual performance levels such as Excellent, or with text and numeric score such as Excellent (90 points). There are several ways to score a rubric:
- No Score: Performance levels indicated by text. For example, three performance levels for a rubric can be Poor, Good, and Excellent.
- Points: This scoring method is only available to analytic rubrics. Performance levels indicated by points. For example, three performance levels for a rubric can be Poor (0 points), Good (75 points), and Excellent (125 points).
- Custom Points: This scoring method is only available to analytic rubrics. The Custom Points scoring method is similar to the Points scoring method, but you can customize the points given for each criterion. For example, if performance levels are Poor, Good, and Excellent, then the criterion Spelling and Grammar can be worth 0 points, 10 points, and 20 points for each level, and the criterion Expression can be worth 0 points, 30 points, and 60 points, making it worth three times the points of Spelling and Grammar.
- Percentages: This scoring method is only available to holistic rubrics. A holistic rubric using Percentages can be automatically assessed based on the score of its associated item, for example, a Grade item.
Create a Rubric
Use the Rubrics tool to create, name, and customize your rubric to fit your assessment needs.
To create a new rubric
- From the Rubrics tool, click New Rubric.
Figure: The New Rubric button.
- Enter a Name for your rubric.
- Choose the appropriate rubric Type:
Figure: The Type drop-down menu with options for Analytic or Holistic rubrics.
- Type: Analytic provides the ability to add multiple criteria within a rubric.
- Type: Holistic provides a single criterion. You can also assess holistic rubrics using percent scores that are set for each rubric level.
- Choose the appropriate Scoring type:
Figure: The Scoring drop-down menu with options for Points, No Score, and Custom Points.
- Scoring: Points results in each rubric level having the same score for each criterion.
- Scoring: No Score indicates that no point values are set.
- Scoring: Custom Points provides the ability to set unique point values for each level in each criterion.
Note: For more information about Rubric types and Scoring types, see Create a Rubric - About Rubric types.
- Click New Criterion to enter the criterion name, enter a rubric Level, and enter the point level .
Figure: Criterion name, level, and point level settings.
- Do any of the following optional steps:
- If you want to add more rubric levels, click the Add new level before (+) button.
Figure: The + button to add additional rubric levels. The new level appears as a column beside the existing level(s).
- If you want to delete existing rubric levels, click the trash bin icon.
Figure: The trash bin icon removes the level.
- If you want to add more criteria, click + Add Criterion and enter the criterion name.
Figure: The + Add Criterion button appears below the existing criterion lines.
- If you want to delete existing criteria, click Delete Row.
- Add a description of each criterion Level, as well as Initial Feedback for that level that will be applied when assessing learner submissions.
Figure: Level Descriptions and Initial Feedbackfor a criteria.
Note: You can click Add Criteria Group to create a separate group of assessment criteria.
- Adjust the Overall Score parameters to determine the overall level and score that is mapped to achievement levels and assigned to learners based on their submission.
Figure: Overall Score enables you to set a level of achievement based on a submission's overall rubric score.
- Click to expand Options, and customize the following:
Figure: Rubric Options, including Rubric Visibility, Score Visibility, Description, and Advanced Availability.
- Rubric Visibility
- Score Visibility
- Advanced Availability
- Click Close to finish creating your rubric.
Video: Create a rubric
Edit a rubric
Use the Context menu of the Rubrics tool to edit a rubric.
Note: Rubrics that have been used to assess learners' work are locked, and it is only possible to edit text fields. To edit items such as the number of criteria or the number of achievement levels that would affect the academic integrity of a rubric already in use, you must copy the rubric and edit the new version.
To edit a rubric
- Navigate to the rubric you want to edit.
- Click the More Options arrow beside the rubric you want to edit.
- Click Edit.
Figure: The More Options menu for a rubric provides options, including Edit and Copy.
Edit an assessed rubric
Normally, rubrics that have been used for evaluation are locked and can't be edited. However if you have the Edit Assessed Rubrics permission, you can correct spelling errors, clarify wording, and make other minor changes that shouldn't impact the academic integrity of the rubric.
Note: It is only possible to make changes to assessed rubrics that are created in the current course or are copied from another course. Shared rubrics remain locked.
To edit an assessed rubric
- From your course navbar, click Rubrics.
- On the Rubrics page, click the rubric you want to edit.
- On the Edit Rubric page, click Edit Text in the alert banner at the top of the page.
- Figure: The Edit Rubric page showing which text fields can be edited within an assessed rubric.
- Click Close. Your edits save automatically.
Note: You can't make structural changes (such as adding evaluation levels or criteria), edit points, or add outcome alignments to assessed rubrics.
When an instructor makes a change to a previously assessed rubric, it is updated with a blue highlight and the text Edited in the lower right corner. When the instructor saves and closes the rubric, the edit indications no longer appear.
Figure: The Edit Rubric window with changes highlighted and indicated with the word Edited.
Control the visibility of rubrics
You can control rubric visibility for students. This is useful for preventing students from using preview rubrics as answer keys for activities. For example, you can describe assessment expectations in assignment instructions, hiding the associated preview rubric. Once the assignment is graded, you release the graded rubric as part of the student's assessment details.
Rubric visibility is controlled in two ways:
- Administrators can set the default visibility of new rubrics at the org unit level.
- Teachers can set the visibility of individual rubrics. Creating or editing a rubric includes the following options: Rubric is always visible to learners, Rubric is hidden until feedback published, and Rubric is never visible to learners.
Note: If an teacher attempts to publish a partially completed rubric evaluation, the partial evaluation dialog appears. By default, the Continue Grading option is selected and the teacher can tap ENTER to return to the rubric, or tap Publish Anyway to continue to publish the partial evaluation. This workflow ensures that there is a verification layer to reconsider their action and ensure that teachers are not mistakenly publishing incomplete evaluations.
To indicate rubric visibility to teachers, rubrics that are hidden until feedback is published or rubrics that are never visible display an indicator in the Rubrics section of the associated activity. Visible rubrics do not display an indicator.
Note the following:
- Feedback copied from hidden rubrics only displays for students; it is not visible to teachers as they have access to the rubric. The visibility status of a rubric can only be changed at the rubric level, not at the activity level. For example, you cannot change the visibility of a rubric from an assignment.
- Visibility is a property of a rubric and not an individual assessment. Rubric definitions and published feedback appear in the assessment tool where the rubric is used.
Note: Starting with the June 2020/20.20.6 release, this includes Assignments and Grades. Other tools, including Discussions, Brightspace Portfolio, and Outcomes Progress will be updated to use rubrics in future Brightspace updates.
- For individual and group discussions, an teacher assesses the rubric in the assess topic workflow. Upon saving the assessment, the rubric feedback is considered published.